出处： 未知 作者： 未知 2013-08-29 10:19:29 已有1162人阅读
June 11thmarks another Population Day of China and aging topic raises concern onceagain. The aging survey by Horizon Research Consultancy Group in 2012 showsthat “to have more time to spend withtheir families, "to travel around", and "to have more time todevelop their own interests” are the three aging benefits recognized by thepublic; expectations of future life in old age by the middle-and-young groupsare better than the actual feelings of the old people; compared with Americans,the Chinese are more optimistic in expectations of life at old age.
Three major benefits of aging: operating family,travelling around and cultivating interest
Aging is a double-edged sword, which isconsidered by someone as miserable and as an important stage of remodelinglifestyle by others.The survey shows the three advantages of aging by thepublic: “more time to spend with their families (83%)”, “travelling around(81.6%)” and “more time to develop their own interests(80.7%)”; it seemsoverall that the greatest benefit brought about by old age is more dominance of leisure time.
Perfect aging? Reality is less than ideal
Although people agree that life in old age has different kinds of benefits,compared to the current living status of the elderly, the “near olds” under the age of 60 seem toimagine that life at old age is too wonderful. There are three majormisunderstandings:
Misunderstandingone: the elderly don’t need to work. Among those under the age of 60, 75.1% consider it tobe a major benefit that one doesn’t need to work; while among those above 60,only 62.7% of interviewees have the same idea. The survey of lifestyle and consumption behavior ofChinese urban elderly by Horizon in 2011 also shows that 8.9% of the elderlyare still working. To alleviate the economic pressure and break up the monotonyare the two major factors for the elderly to continue their work.
Misunderstandingtwo: One can have time to develop interests at old age. 81.1% of the near-olds think that they willhave more time to develop their own interests at old age, while the proportionof older people holding the same view reduces by 5.6%.
Misunderstandingthree: the elderly are more respected. 69.5% of the public under the age of 60 consider it tobe a major advantage that the elderly are more respected; while 64.5% of theolder people think that young people's expectation of social status of olderpersons exceeds self-judgment by themselves.
The elderly life:Chinese people are more optimisticthan Americans
Compared with the 2009 PEW Research Center’s survey on thesame issue, the results of this survey show that as to the life in old age, theChinese people, whether young or older, are more optimistic than Americans.
Among the middle-and young groups, theproportions of the Chinese who think that the elderly don’t need towork(Chinese:75.1%;Americans:58.3%),ditto),enjoy decreasing pressure oflife(79.8%-64%)and being more respected(69.5%-56.7%)are higher by over 10% thanAmericans.
Among the elderly group, except theadvantage of “no need to work”, the Chinese olds recognize different benefitsat old age better than American olds.amongwhich, the difference of proportion even exceeds 20% in the recognition of“being able to travel around”, “being able to find a new job”, “being able toparticipate voluntary activities” and “decrease of living pressure”.
Diagram: Differenceof recognizing benefits of aging between Chinese and Americans
Note: in Horizon’s concept of old age in 2012,interviewees no less than 60 years old are defined as olds, while similarsurvey by American PEW Research Center defines those no less than 65 years oldas olds.
Data source: 2012 old age survey by Horizon Research ConsultancyGroup 2009 survey of PEW ResearchCenter
Technical note: the survey adopts multi-stage randomsampling, visiting 1627 permanent residents over18 years old in five cities: Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu, Shenyang and Xi’anduring April and May in 2012. The data results have been weightedaccording to the actual size of the population, at the 95% confidence level,the sampling error is ±1.58%.